Buyers who are seeking a new heat pump for their home can choose from an abundance of options. With the many brands and models on the market, homeowners have the advantage of being able to find the best system for their homes.
Since navigating the hundreds of options can be a challenge, narrowing down to a reputable brand like Trane is a great start. Trane produces highly reliable and affordable residential air-source heat pumps.
In this article, we review all ten of Trane’s air-source heat pumps. We detail each model to help you choose which is best for your home. Continue reading for the full details on every model.
- About Trane
- Trane’s Reliability
- Pro and Cons of Trane’s Heat Pumps
- Trane Product Line Analysis
- Best Models
- What Size Trane Heat Pump Do I Need?
Trane was founded in the late 1800s by James Trane in LaCrosse, Wisconsin. By 1984, American Standard, Inc purchased Trane. In 2007 American Standard sold off all of their other divisions, besides the HVAC business unit, and rebranded themselves as Trane, Inc.
Trane holds the position of a market leader for residential HVAC equipment. They are known for their high quality and reliability. As such, the brand carries a slightly higher price tag than other manufacturers.
Trane Inc also manufactures the American Standard brand of HVAC equipment. American Standard is not a separate company but rather a more cost-effective brand that Trane manufactures.
The American Standard branded products have fewer features and different warranty terms. They are often manufactured in the same factory as their Trane branded counterparts.
Trane produces a highly reliable brand of heat pumps. In fact, homeowners rank Trane’s HVAC systems well for their reliability and quality.
Trane has nearly 10% of the total market share for heat pumps, according to market reports. They gained this significant market share by having outstanding reliability and quality, which have kept their customers coming back for more.
Pro and Cons of Trane’s Heat Pumps
With Trane’s 120+ years in business, you can rest assured that they are doing something right. After all, if they were not providing excellent value to their customers, they would have gone out of business many years ago.
As such, that’s the main pro of the Trane brand– its name and the fantastic reputation that it carries with it.
Besides their overwhelming positive recognition, here are a few unique advantages Trane offers on their heat pumps.
Pro: Best Warranty
Compared to other leading HVAC heat pump manufacturers such as Carrier and Lennox, Trane provides the best warranty terms.
Even though Trane does not publish its quality data, many homeowners and HVAC technicians agree that Trane has very few quality issues and is ranked highly on consumer reports.
Their long-term quality is likely the key reason Trane can provide such long warranties without using money. Let’s put it this way, if their heat pumps rarely break down from quality problems, then why not guarantee it with a warranty?
Here’s how their warranty terms stack up:
- Parts warranty: 10-year limited warranty
- Components covered: Outdoor coils, internal functional components
- Compressor warranty: 10 or 12 years depending on model
- XV20i/XV18 and XL units: 12-year limited warranty
- XV19 and XR units: 10-year limited warranty
- Registration period: 60 days after installation
- Transferable?: No
Pro: Excellent Supply Chain
The fact is, most heat pumps will require a replacement component at some point in their life. It could be something as simple as a capacitor for the outdoor unit or a replacement blower. Yes, Trane does have excellent quality. However, there are still times when something fails, usually due to inadequate maintenance or uncontrollable external factors (like a power surge from lightning).
To ensure that their customers can repair their heat pumps right away, Trane works with nationwide partners that stock their components locally.
Additionally, Trane uses “common” components across multiple models to reduce the total amount of inventory (which increases the likelihood a replacement part a homeowner needs is in stock).
Other heat pumps brands have subpar replacement part inventories compared to Trane. As such, you might be waiting on a replacement part for days if your other heat pump fails.
Con: More Expensive Upfront
Trane certainly has fantastic name recognition and quality product. For those reasons, along with their better warranties, they can command a higher price. On average, Trane is about 4% to 8% more expensive than other leading heat pump brands. However, they could save you money later on with their better warranties.
Con: Lower Efficiency Than Other Brands
Don’t get us wrong, Trane does have great efficiencies on its heat pumps. However, their maximum efficiencies are lower than other manufacturers, such as Lennox.
Trane’s maximum SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio) is 20, while Lennox’s highest is 23.5 SEER. However, Trane does have a higher maximum HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor) of 12 HSPF compared to 10.2 HSPF from Lennox.
Trane Product Line Analysis
Trane has ten residential air-source heat pumps available to homeowners. They are broken into three series– XR, XL, and XV.
The XR Series is Trane’s low-tier heat pump line. The models within this series are the most affordable, but they have lower efficiencies than Trane’s two other heat pump series. All XR models have single-stage compressors. The XL Series contains Trane’s mid-tier heat pump models. All models within the XL series have a two-stage compressor besides the XL16 and XL16i. Lastly, the XV series is the high-tier series, with all models having a variable speed compressor and the best efficiency of all models.
Trane Heat Pumps Compared
Here is how all ten heat pump models Trane manufactures compare.
|Trane Model Name||SEER||HSPF||Compressor||Sound Level (dB)||Communicating Capability|
|XV20i||22||10||variable||54 – 76||ComfortLink™ II|
|XV19 Low||20||11.5||variable||43 – 57||ComfortLink™ II|
|XV18||18||10||variable||54 – 76||ComfortLink™ II|
|XL18i||18||9.5||2-stage||72 – 74||NA|
|XR17||17||9.6||2-stage||72 – 74||NA|
|XL16i||17||9.6||single-stage||70 – 74||NA|
|XR16||17.25||9.6||single-stage||70 – 75||NA|
|XR16||17||10||single-stage||69 – 74||NA|
|XR15||15||9.5||single-stage||71 – 75||NA|
|XR14||14.5||8.5||single-stage||71 – 76||NA|
SEER and HSPF are both measures of efficiency. SEER is the efficiency for the cooling mode, and HSPF is the efficiency for the heating mode. Higher numbers for both measurements mean better efficiency.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) mandates the minimum SEER and HSPF ratings for heat pumps and air conditioners. The minimum SEER rating is 14 for the Southern U.S. and 13 for the rest of the country, and the minimum HSPF is 8.2 nationwide. The most common SEER ratings sold in the U.S. are 14 and 15 SEER due to their lower upfront costs.
A single-stage compressor has two settings off or 100% capacity. A heat pump with a single-stage compressor runs less frequently and blasts your home with cooling quickly. They tend to overshoot the setting on your thermostat and leave hot spots or cold spots in certain areas of your home. On the other hand, two-stage compressors have three settings– off, 40% on, and 100% capacity. Most of the time, heat pumps with two-stage compressors run for more extended periods at the 40% setting. This uses less energy and provides more even cooling to your home when compared to single-stage units.
Heat pumps with variable-speed compressors provide the best comfort (temperature and humidity regulation) and use the lowest amount of energy. They can run at any interval between 30% to 100% of their total capacity.
ComfortLink™ II is Trane’s proprietary communication software the connects all of your home’s HVAC devices made by Trane. The software can automatically calibrate your heat pump, smart thermostat, sensors, etc., to optimize your home’s heating and cooling performance.
Now that we’ve explained how the ten heat pump models Trane manufactures compare, here are the top 4 models in Trane’s lineup:
XR15 Single-Stage Heat Pump
The XR15 single-stage unit is Trane’s best value model. The XR15 has the second-lowest upfront cost of all Trane heat pump models (behind the XR14). It has the best “value” because it provides excellent efficiency and lowers your energy bills while maintaining an affordable upfront cost.
The XR15 doesn’t have the best efficiency, but it is a dependable unit that provides above-average energy efficiency, which helps reduce energy costs. The average home saves an estimated 35% or more in energy costs after switching to this unit.
- System only: $2,920
- System installed: $6,000
Note: The now discontinued Trane XR13 heat pump used to be Trane’s best value unit, but has since been discontinued and replaced with the XR14 and XR15.
XV20i Variable Speed Heat Pump
The Trane XV20i heat pump is one of Trane’s variable speed models. It comes with a rating of up to 22 SEER and 750 stages of comfort for optimal climate control, meaning it has top-notch efficiency– the best of all Trane’s heat pumps. The TruComfort technology addition will automatically compensate temperatures while still maintaining speeds to eliminate extreme temperature swings.
For homeowners that want the best efficiency and comfort in their homes, the XV20i is their top choice from Trane’s lineup.
- System only: $4,840
- System installed: $7,800
XV19 Variable Speed Heat Pump
The XV19 is another variable speed heat pump that Trane offers. It is a single-stage low profile unit that is perfect for space-challenged areas and cities. Reviews back up Trane’s claims of a quiet and efficient heat pump. Consumers cite that it cut energy bills drastically, up to an estimated amount of 54%.
This unit also features Trane’s Comfort Link II Controls, a command center that utilizes a state-of-the-art thermostat to allow control from your smartphone, tablet, or computer. The ComfortLink Zoning system enables you to control each individual room or zone for maximized comfort.
- System only: $4,320
- System installed: $7,400
What Size Trane Heat Pump Do I Need?
Homeowners can use the below chart to determine what size heat pump in BTUs and tons they need for their home. For reference, 1 ton of cooling capacity equals 12,000 BTUs. In general, most homes need 20 BTUs of cooling capacity per 1 square foot of living space.
|Cooling Capacity (BTU)||Cooling Capacity (Tons)||Best Trane Heat Pump Options for your Home Size||Best For Home Size (sq. ft.)|
|18,000||1.5 ton||XR16 Low, XR15, XR14||700-900 sq ft|
|24,000||2 ton||All models available in this cooling capacity||900-1200 sq ft|
|30,000||2.5 ton||XL16i, XR16, XR16 Low, XR15, XR14||1200-1500 sq ft|
|36,000||3 ton||All models available in this cooling capacity||1500-1800 sq ft|
|42,000||3.5 ton||XL16i, XR16, XR16 Low, XR15, XR14||1800-2100 sq ft|
|48,000||4 ton||All models available in this cooling capacity||2100-2400 sq ft|
|60,000||5 ton||All models available in this cooling capacity||2400-3000 sq ft|
Since Trane offers ten models of heat pumps, it might be challenging to pick the best one for you. The comparisons we provide should help you with that decision. As a homeowner, you should ask yourself which is more important–
- Having the lowest upfront cost
- If this is most important, the XR series has the lowest cost models.
- Having the best efficiency and lowest energy cost
- If this is most important, the XV series has the models with the best SEER and HSPF ratings.
- Having a compact unit
- If this is most important, the XV19 and XR16 models have the slimmest profiles.
- Or finding a reasonable upfront cost and energy costs
- If this is most important, 2-stage heat pumps like the XL18i and XR17 models provide a great middle-ground between energy and upfront costs.